Many medical conditions are associated with disrupted sleep:
- Acute illnesses e.g. coughs and colds, fevers
- Allergic Rhinitis
- Gastro oesophageal reflux
- Developmental disorders e.g. Autism, ADHD
- Psychiatric disorders
Sleep disorders are common and up to 50% of children will experience a sleep problem. The spectrum of sleep disorders varies across the ages in childhood. Disorders range from frequent arousals related to poor sleep associations such as rocking, breast feeding, persistent night feeding and limit setting issues, for example bedtime rules of set bedtimes and sleep routines, in infant and toddler years to night terrors, sleepwalking and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in the preschool years, to chronic sleep deprivation, delayed sleep phase and narcolepsy, a chronic sleep disorder characterised by overwhelming daytime drowsiness and sleep attacks, in later childhood. Increased awareness, early identification and optimal management of associated medical problems and sleep disorders can improve the quality of sleep and prevent the onset of negative consequences.